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On October 26, 2006, the NRC sent letters to the 21 States that have received 130 and/or 65 mg potassium iodide tablets through the NRCs initial KI offer. Power Plants, Substations, Wind Farms, Hydro The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has revised a section of its emergency preparedness regulations. The manufacturer (RECIP) of the 65-mg tablet issued an extension of the product by lot number. The Commission notes that this rule will introduce another element in the context of emergency planning requirements for which licensees are ultimately responsible. Specific to radiation likely found in a Dirty Bomb. Why Potassium Iodide is superior to Potassium Iodate. The letter includes, as attachments, the FDA final guidelines on use of potassium iodide; the NRC Statement of Consideration in support of the final rule; the NRC disclaimer; and Staff Requirements SECY-06-0142 Options and Recommendations for Replenishing Expired Potassium Iodide (KI). Terms of Use Blue Dots = Health or Safety Issue Reported

This rule became effective April 19, 2001. Despite wavering support, the United States continues to supply nuclear subsidies such as: direct expenditures, favorable tax expenditures, and research and development subsidies. The Office of Public Affairs issued a press release on 12/20/01, to announce the NRCs potassium iodide program. In the aftermath of the U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Agreement on June 1, investing in cleaner energy is paramount. Click here to access theOperating Nuclear Power Reactors interactive map, Source: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, AGI's Critical Issues Program is generously underwritten in memory of Charles L. Weiner. By requiring consideration of the use of potassium iodide, the Commission recognizes the important role of States and local governments in matters of emergency planning. The NRC final rule on the Consideration of Potassium Iodide in Emergency Plans was published in the Federal Register on January 19, 2001. 2022 Smithsonian Magazine | Cookie Settings, recommends that anyone living within 10 miles of a plant, recommended that Americans living within 50 miles of the plant, The DNA of Hundreds of Insect Species Is in Your Tea, Scientists Just Sent Two Batches of Stem Cells Into Space, The Unmistakable Black Roots of 'Sesame Street', Scientists Find Most Complete Atlantic Gray Whale Skeleton Ever, Giant Snails Take Over Florida's Gulf Coast Again. The radioactive iodine released from the explosion rose into the air and spread across thousands of square miles in the Ukraine, Belarus and Poland. 1999 Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accidents. | READ MORE. Chernobyl: Whats been learned, Whats been ignored, 97% of all thyroid cancer cases attributed to radioactive iodine from Chernobyl occurred in people who lived 31-310 miles from the accident site. Potassium iodide is a salt, similar to table salt.

Potassium Iodide was distributed in the immediate areas surrounding the Chernobyl Nuclear Station, including the Pripyat region where most of the workers lived. This number continues to rise. This leaves an opportunity for increasing the production of nuclear energy to lower that reliance on fossil fuels. (Smithsonian.com's office, in case you're wondering, is 44.18 miles from the Calvert Cliffs plant in southern Maryland.) Joseph Stromberg It is routinely added to table salt to make it iodized. Potassium iodide, if taken within the appropriate time and at the appropriate dosage, blocks the thyroid glands uptake of radioactive iodine and thus reduces the risk of thyroid cancers and other diseases that might otherwise be caused by thyroid uptake of radioactive iodine that could be dispersed in a severe reactor accident. This letter discusses the NRC program to provide potassium iodide to States and includes, as attachments: the NRC Statement of Consideration in support of the final rule; the FDA final guidelines on use of potassium iodide; and FEMA guidelines on incorporating potassium iodide into emergency response plans, as well as the NRC disclaimer . Answered: How Much Potassium Iodide Should You Stockpile? Evidence of a marked excess of thyroid cancer in children exposed to the fallout from the Chernobyl accident has been established. ..Find out more, Posted by Thomas BensonJul 20, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Adam DespangJun 07, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Vanessa Smith-BoyleJul 18, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Bailee MathewsJul 18, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Thomas BensonJul 13, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Thomas BensonJul 11, 2022 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJun 27, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Sarah NishiokaJun 10, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Vanessa Smith-BoyleJun 08, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoMay 19, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoMay 17, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoMay 05, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Samuel KnollJul 20, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Bailee MathewsJul 13, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Bailee MathewsJul 08, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Vanessa Smith-BoyleJul 08, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoJul 06, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Andrea MorenoJul 06, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Quinne DaoustJul 05, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Adam DespangJun 06, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoApr 28, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoApr 21, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Jessica Olcott YllemoApr 19, 2022 | Read More, Posted by Adam DespangApr 01, 2022 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectNov 22, 2021 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectOct 08, 2021 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJun 28, 2022 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectMay 09, 2022 | Read More. Remarks on the need for potassium iodide made by Commission Chairman Nils Diaz of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission use of potassium iodide pills would have significantly reduced the incidence of thyroid cancer [during Chernobyl]. The FDA in a letter to NRC stated that It would be considered to be scientifically sound if the lots having the expiration date extended had no significant difference in formulation, manufacturing process or packaging materials from current lots. On September 2, 2005, HHS issued a correction to add deadline for receiving public comments. Chemical, Biological, Nuclear and Radiological Biological Emergency Protection Supplies. All rights reserved. Quick: where's the nearest nuclear power plant? There is a difference. Manage My Data Please email us to add a new local map discussion. Research nuclear reactors produce radioisotopes for nuclear medicine, are used to train people in the nuclear sciences and are used as a laboratory tool, as a producer of byproduct material or as a source of radiation for experiments. ..Find out more, The Southeast Pacific Ocean is home to incomparable marine environments like the Humboldt Current System, the Galapagos, and the Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary. Includes Radioactive Waste Decontamination, Radiation-Wipes for decontamination solutions Pack of 12, Radiation-Wipes for decontamination solutions Pack of 50, Radiation-Wipes for decontamination solutions Case of 400, Everything you need to know about Seychelle Water Filtration Products, To protect the public from a nuclear reactor disaster, the American Thyroid Association recommends that, After you enter your zip code you will see a circle. 2020 Nukepills Inc. All rights reserved. The revised rule requires that States* with a population within the 10-mile emergency planning zone (EPZ) of commercial nuclear power plants consider including potassium iodide as a protective measure for the general public to supplement sheltering and evacuation in the unlikely event of a severe nuclear power plant accident. Its estimated that if reliance upon nuclear energy continues to decline, global greenhouse gas emissions will release 80-240 gigatonnes (Gt) CO2into the atmosphere over the next forty years. On November 10, 2005, the NRC, in cooperation with the Department of Health and Human Services, sent letters to the States announcing the availability of 51 million doses of ThyroShield liquid pediatric KI for States with populations within the 10 mile EP. You can also turn on layers that show the locations of historic earthquakes and fault lines. It also is home to approximately 20% of worldwide fish catch and is ripe for IUU fishing abuses. *When used in this Web site, State includes Native American governments. The NRC published the rule change in the Federal Register (Volume 66, Number 13, page 5427) on January 19, 2001. In addition, there needs to be further support for research around nuclear fusion and fission technology to keep America competitive in a rapidly expanding and developing energy field. Join our mailing list to receive weekly newsletters and exclusive invites to upcoming events. However, because the risk of exposure from ingestion of iodine remain for a longer time, iodine prophylaxis will also be required for a longer period of time. A technical paper on the issue of KI was prepared by the Federal Radiological Protection Coordinating Committee KI Sub-Committee at the request of Dr. Marburger as part of his determination process. The change became effective April 19, 2001. Controlled by the weather conditions at the time, the radioactive plume touched down again and again in numerous populated areas as far out as 500 km (over 300 miles). This is the Nuclear Regulatory Commissions proposed 20-mile radius (40 miles diameter) Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) an area where states may elect to distribute just a few tablets of, The NRCs Consideration of Potassium Iodide in Emergency Planning, On January 12, 2005, the FDA approved the, Zip Code Locator Map of U.S. Nuclear Reactors, American Thyroid Association: Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid (PDF), Canadas nuclear reactors and uranium mines, Eligibility for Obtaining Potassium Iodide, Distribution of KI Within 20-Mile Radius of Nuclear Power Plants, Federal Policy on Use of Potassium Iodide, FDA final guidelines on use of potassium iodide, Staff Requirements SECY-06-0142 Options and Recommendations for Replenishing Expired Potassium Iodide (KI), Consideration of Potassium Iodide in Emergency Plans, Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies, Federal Policy on the Use of Potassium Iodide. On July 3, 2007, President Bush delegated his authority to invoke the waiver provision in Section 127 to his science advisor, Dr. Marbuger, Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the White House.

For better or worse, of the country's biggest 20 metro areas by population, at least part of 14 of them lies within 50 miles of a nuclear plant. Scroll around to see the 65 active nuclear plants scattered across the U.S. surrounded by 10-mile (red) and 50-mile (yellow) radiuses, or plug in your address to get the exact distance you are from the nearest few plants. Overall, about a third of Americans live within one of the 50-mile radiuses. The commission also suggests that anyone within 50 miles to take action to protect local food and water supplies. In-depth information on FDA Approved Potassium Iodide for radiation emergencies. This is understandable in terms of the wide area affected by radioiodine and therefore the large number of children exposed. This rule applies to States and Tribal governments with nuclear power plants within their borders, with populations within the 10-mile EPZ, and local governments designated by States to request potassium iodide funding. Recently, some have have argued that the evacuation zone should be extended this far as welland in 2011, after the Fukushima disaster in Japan, authorities from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that Americans living within 50 miles of the plant to evacuate. Add pin, enter address, describe health issue(s) & number of people Currently, if a radiological emergency occurs, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommends that anyone living within 10 miles of a plant to tune in to their local radio or television Emergency Alert System and heed the instructions from state or local officials.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the definitive medical authority in the United States on the use of potassium iodide. Advertising Notice On August 29, 2005, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published draft guidelines for State, local, and tribal governments, for the expanded distribution, stockpiling, and utilization of KI in the event of a radioactive iodine release from a commercial nuclear power plant incident. For over 18 years, we've accepted payments with Authorize.net, a secure payment processor used by millions of shoppers.

Because most electricity use is in cities, a nuclear plant (unlike wind or solar) can be built pretty much anywhere, and transmitting electricity over great distances causes some of the energy to be lost to friction, most of the plants are logically located near large urban areas. In a January 22, 2008 memo, Dr. Marburger announced his decision to invoke the Section 127(f) waiver. Click on the dots above and navigate to the local maps below for discussion and to learn more about each power plant issue. The revised Federal Policy on Use of Potassium Iodide was also provided to the States. The increase in incidence has been documented up to 500 km [310 miles] from the accident site. Fits in your wallet. A sharp distinction in the requirements for stable iodine prophylaxis based on distance from the accident site cannot be made. The NRC is responsible for assessing the adequacy of onsite emergency plans developed by the utility, while FEMA is responsible for assessing the adequacy of offsite emergency planning. Editors note: This story was edited to clarify the NRC's emergency preparedness plan for those who live within 10 miles of a nuclear power plant. But it's one worth knowing the answer to for a couple of reasons: the basic value in knowing where some of your electricity comes from and, in the extremely unlikely event of a meltdown, the practical knowledge of whether you'll have to evacuate your home. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG-1633, Stable iodine could also be used as prophylaxis against ingested radioactive iodine from contaminated food. The letter to NRC from counsel to Anbex, Inc. dated January 23, 2007 indicates that this is the case. In a letter to the States, the NRC transmitted the FDA correspondence on shelf-life extension and Commission direction to Staff (SRM-COMSECY-07002 ) on full and partial replenishment of KI, and announced the availability of additional pediatric liquid KI. A new interactive map tells you exactly how far you live from a nuclear reactor. This map accounts for the megawatts, or MWt, of nuclear energy produced per state, and displays each nuclear generating facilitys contribution toward each states total nuclear output. However, if the United States is reluctant to act and utilize the carbon free energy nuclear provides, the U.S. will become the worlds greatest contributor to climate change by 2020. The Commission believes the final rule, together with the Commissions decision to provide funding for the purchase of a States supply of potassium iodide, strikes a proper balance between encouraging (but not requiring) the offsite authorities to take advantage of the benefits of potassium iodide and acknowledging the offsite authorities role in such matters. The American Geosciences Institute represents and serves the geoscience community by providing collaborative leadership and information to connect Earth, science, and people. PowerPlantMaps.com is raising the awareness of various illnesses potentially caused by living in close proximity to power stations (gas, oil, coal, nuclear) and these locations are in purple. Supporting nuclear energy is vital for both our current and future energy security. States that choose to extend their stockpiles must document the lot number(s) of the KI product, the current expiration date, and the extended expiration date. Protecting yourself from Nuclear and Dirty Bomb Radiation. Copyright 2022. Share map with friends, regulatory agencies, health organizations & Gov't officialsDetailed Video Instructions. It is now generally accepted that this excess has resulted from exposure to the radioactive iodine released in the accident. There has been an excess thyroid cancer incidence even in areas where the mean dose to the thyroid in children was estimated at 50-100 mGy. The number of people with thyroid cancer began to increase about five years after the accident. This map alows users to report health and pollution issues directly on the map and these locations are highlighted in blue. A Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact study suggests that if adaptation projects are implemented now, Miami-Dade County can avoid $3.2 billion in structural losses regionally from tidal inundation in 2040. The World Health Organizations International Thyroid Project has found evidence that even relatively low levels of radiation exposure may result in underactive thyroid syndrome, also known as hypothyroidism. Today, over 11,000 cases of childhood thyroid cancer due to Chernobyl have been reported, with the number not expected to peak until 2010. (information provided by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission). After funding the initial supply of potassium iodide, the Commission may consider extending this program to fund replenishment supplies, but has made no commitments in this regard. This is probably not a question you're asked all that often. These smaller nuclear reactors, which do not generate power, are in locations such as universities and other organizations where research, testing or training is conducted. Below are facts as extracted from official accounts and government publications. The U.S. is second only to China in the amount of CO2produced. ..Find out more, Fact Sheet Climate Security Challenges in South Florida, South Florida is vulnerable to various climate-related threats such as flooding from sea level rise, extreme heat, and worsening storms. NRC received numerous inquiries from States regarding the possibility of extending the shelf-life of the KI tablets in light of the approval by FDA to the manufacturers for product shelf-life extension. The Federal Emergency Management Agency published the revised Federal Policy on the Use of Potassium Iodide in January 2002. Joseph Stromberg was previously a digital reporter for Smithsonian. Its chemical symbol is KI. The U.S. continues to rely heavily on coal, oil, and natural gas, and our climate continues to become increasingly unpredictable.In an era determined by a threshold of two degrees Celsius, the U.S. simply cannot afford to dissolve its commitment to nuclear energy. The NRC and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are the two Federal agencies responsible for evaluating emergency preparedness at and around nuclear power plants. American Geosciences Institute. 1999 Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accident. Used for both Nuclear and Dirty Bomb radiation. World Health Organization, Geneva,

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United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs- 2000, Except for thyroid cancer, there has been no confirmed increase in the rates of other cancers, including leukemia, among the first responders, cleanup workers and military personnel in the contaminated zones following the accident, or the public, that have attributed to releases from the accident, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG-1633, The vast majority of the thyroid cancers were diagnosed among those living more than 50 km (31 miles) from the site. Disposal of contaminated clothing and gear. The final rule amends 10 CFR 50.47(b)(10). To do this, we need to build public awareness around the safety and multitude of benefits by investing in nuclear. The NRC provided comments to the draft guidelines on November 1, 2005. Twenty Eight Years After Chernobyl Use of Potassium Iodide, FDA guidance-potassium-iodide-thyroid-blocking. On April 26, 1986, the #4 nuclear reactor at the Russian Chernobyl Nuclear Station exploded during a routine test.

The NAS published this study in January 2004. The manufacturer (Anbex) of the 130 mg tablets in a correspondence from its legal counsel to the NRC indicated that there are no significant differences in the formulation, manufacturing process, or packaging materials for the existing lots as compared to current lots. The Chernobyl accident has thus demonstrated that significant doses from radioactive iodine can occur hundreds of kilometers from the site, beyond emergency planning zones. In the most affected areas of Belarus, the yearly incidence has risen close to 100 per million children, which is more than 100-fold compared to the situation before the accident. Fact Sheet Climate Security Challenges in Northwest Florida, Floridas panhandle is home to several major military installations that are essential to U.S. military operations and mission readiness but they are at increasing risk from flooding, extreme heat, wildfires, and extreme weather. Decontaminating Skin and Surfaces of Radiation, Radiacwash Radiation Decontamination Solution, Radiacwash Family Radiation Decontamination Kit. It will also require the licensees to use this information in developing Protective Action Recommendations for offsite agencies. Along with this rule change, the NRC is providing funding for a supply of potassium iodide for a State that chooses to incorporate potassium iodide for the general public into their emergency plans. By investing in nuclear now, we will build a stronger, more energy secure tomorrow for the U.S. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) Operating Nuclear Power Reactors interactive map shows all thenuclear power reactors that are regulated by the NRC and provides information about the operator, model, and power output for each reactor. If we fail to support nuclear energy now, we miss out on an opportunity for greater resiliency and energy security in the future.

(Due to the distribution of Potassium Iodide in the areas nearer the accident site including the Pripyat region), Statistics derived from U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Report NUREG-1633.

By increasing reliance on nuclear energy and continuing to support subsidies, nuclear energy will reduce this amount by 16-48%.

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