### pa pesticide exam study material

@jl]s(GJg^ L$q atropine sulfate is the antidote for what? control, contain, clean up Always remember to put on PPE! closed systems are designed so pesticide does not contact handlers or applicators, Explain when pesticide collection systems are appropriate and advantages of these systems. Penn State encourages people with disabilities to participate in its programs and activities. ET A permanent-magnet automotive fan motor draws 20 A from a 12-V source when the rotor is locked (i.e., held motionless). What are filtering face piece respirators/non-powered particulate respirators? If the material you are transporting requires a placard, what else must you have? what is the benefit of triple rinsing or pressure rinsing? A steady-flow combustion chamber is supplied with CO gas at 560 R and 16 psia at a rate of$12.5\ \mathrm{ft}^{3} / \mathrm{min}$and with oxygen$\left(O_{2}\right)$at 537 R and 16 psia at a rate of 0.7 lbm/min. f what sort of utensils should not be used for measuring pesticides? Remaining in original form without breaking down. Q early morning and evening b/c windy conditions are more likely to occur around midday when ground temperature increases, when the air at ground level is cooler than the temperature of the air above it, movement of pesticides as gaseous vapors from the target area; most often occurs with high air temperatures, movement of solid particles from the target area by air during or just after an application, comes from a specific identifiable place or location such as: pesticide spill entering storm sewer, back siphoning of pesticides, contaminated surface water entering sinkholes, repeated spilling of pesticides at mixing and loading sites, careless spilling of wash water at clean up sites, improper handling of spills and leaks at storage sites, improper disposal of containers, comes from widespread area. what can you do in the case of a dust, wettable powder, or granular spill? /ZaDb 11.3177 Tf You should not wear gloves and footwear when mixing what chemical? What are chemical cartridge respirators (TC-23C) and gas masks with canisters (TC-14G)? those designed to prevent contact with handlers, List basic safety questions you should ask yourself whenever handling pesticides. NAME and ADDRESS of manufacturer must be on the label. Maximum cost to be charged for a combination of sessions is$75. $\textbf{a. (a) x(t) * y(t) (b) x(t) * z(t) (c) y(t) * z(t) (d) y(t) * [ y(t) + z(t)]. NAZARETH, Pa. Penn State Extension will offer a virtual Commercial and Public Pesticide Applicators Short Course beginning February 8, 2021. Abbreviated MSDS; information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings. 5.7568 3.5938 Td Registration is required for this event. All sections of the Short Course will be offered in a webinar format. (4) Tj (1) Tj QE|)}lXrUzqM3}x<1aqm zvN3;cBfLep ep F[ 1 1 18.799 12.618 re when might the certified individual need to be present for a pesticide application? before applying, clear all people and pets from the area, take the time to be sure that pesticide is reaching the surface or area toward which you are directing it, apply the pesticide evenly and in correct amounts, ensure that it maintains a uniform mix or appearance during the application, check hoses, etc., turn equipment off when you pause for any reason, check the label for any post-application requirements. Transporting pesticides by percolating water., Process in which various chemicals in upper layers of soil are dissolved and carried to lower layers and, in some cases, to groundwater. A5g;x )zUQJ1qRUC:?x#"pcPV:"$;j{q[' a& n /Tx BMC Movement of pesticides away from the target area. Q what are some techniques for reducing drift? What provides the greatest protection when transporting pesticides? wash outside of gloves with detergent and water; wash outside of other chemical resistant items before removing gloves. a=GJce@TDLc"g[l)/}Bs1_x|KCEo3gX1==M,4#Vk>_cT#eEbL&4eXiH^g* HF q H4=1~~^n>6u6B@S,D{FfB*!K 'lk?=+xgPj}I. (TC-84A) dust/mist filtering respirators- offer protection from small particles in the air- must be disposed of after each use. q The course offers instruction for individuals that are preparing for Pennsylvania pesticide applicator certification exams for the Core, Category 6 (Ornamentals and Shade Trees), Category 7 (Lawn and Turf), Category 10 (Right of Way), and Category 23 (Parks/Schools). Q (Numbers on box and face piece). (TC-21C) use a fan to help draw air through an air purifying cartridge and may reduce respiratory stress and heat stress, but have high start up costs, use long hoses to supply air to a full face mask. products considered a risk to the applicator or the environment if applied without some level of training, aka maximum residue limit- the amount of pesticide residue that may legally remain on or in treated crops and animals or animal products sold for food or feed, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; governs the establishment of pesticide tolerances for food and feed products, Food Quality Protection Act; amended FFDCA; set tougher standard for pesticides used on food- established a single, health based standard to be used when assessing the risks of pesticide residues in food or feed- must consider the aggregate risk from dietary exposure (drinking water, residential lawn uses), considers endocrine-disruption potential; requires review of registered pesticides every 15 years, Worker Protection Standard- aimed at reducing the risk of pesticide poisonings, injuries, and exposure to agricultural workers and pesticide handlers- requires employers to provide protection. how far away from a well should a pesticide storage area be? What actions should be taken in the event of a chemical fire? decontaminated/neutralized- use household bleach, hydrated lime, or commercial decontamination (do not use bleach and lime together); add fresh absorbent material to soak up cleaning solution. spray droplet size and the wind direction/speed, thickness of the liquid; affects droplet size. When can effects of cholinesterase inhibition due to exposure to organophosphate or carbamate insecticides appear? If you have a damaged container of pesticide, what options do you have? use it immediately at a site/rate allowed, transfer into another container that held the same pesticide with intact label, transfer to an appropriate container that can be closed, place whole thing (damaged container and all) into suitable larger container. 2 4.623 Td metal. q Hands/forearms (wearing chemical resistant gloves reduced exposure by 99%). when rinsing, what should be added to the spray tank as part of the pesticide mixing process? Can rinsates be used as a diluent for future mixes? when the rinsate contains strong cleaning agents such as bleach or ammonia that might harm plants/animals, or when the rinsate would alter the pesticide mixture and make it unusable. to enable a physician to recognize the occurrence of excessive exposure to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. 267 0 obj <>stream

Questions regarding the event can be directed to Amy Korman at amk6396@psu.edu or 610-813-6614. 1- allow concentrate to drain from empty pesticide container for 30 seconds, (use special nozzle that directs water under high pressure into the container). gloves outside sleeves; cuff folded up 1 or 2 inches toward fingers to catch pesticide. What are closed mixing and loading systems? Where must respirator cartridges be stored? List some benefits of good record keeping. in most exposure situations, what is the primary route of pesticide into the body? throw them out after work for 5-7 workdays; extra heavy duty gloves (made of butyl or nitrile rubber) may last 10-14 days. 10.8989 TL extends from neck to knees (it can pose a safety hazard when working around equipment with moving parts). endstream endobj 130 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream during the time of year when pesticides are not being used or at least 30 days from the most recent exposure. Use rinsates as a diluent if pesticide is OK to use on target. How high should pesticides be stacked in a vehicle? Where do pesticide handlers get the most exposure on their bodies? 0 0 Td n $\textbf{b. yes- if the pesticide in the rinsate is labeled for use on the target site where the new mixture is to be applied, the amount of pesticide in the rinsate plus the amount of pesticide product in the new mixture does not exceed the label rate for the target site, and the rinsate is used to dilute a mixture containing the same or compatible pesticide. 0 0 20.799 14.618 re The combustion products leave the combustion chamber at 3600 R and 16 psia. What should you do AFTER mixing, loading and application? %%EOF What sort of tests are completed before a label can be created? What numbers must appear on a pesticide label? remove top 2-3 inches of soil then cover area with 2 inches of lime and fresh topsoil. A dry pesticide formulation that have uniform size and weight which allows more even application. All Rights Reserved. sleeves outside gloves; gloves go over your wrists to at least halfway to your elbow. A required word that appears on every front panel pesticide label to denote the relative toxicity of the product. The lower the LD50 value the more toxic the pesticide. f Where should pesticides never be stored in a vehicle? Chemically broken down by the addition of water. H4 0 g /Helv 12 Tf Of&Tk"ag"Ad _ q1]fDf? n BT Name types of PPE which may be needed while mixing and/or loading. 2 4.074 Td It is a violation of federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Legal, except if label instructs not to do so. transportation security plan (protection from unauthorized access, security check of employees that transport, and plan for intended travel route). If the load meets the definition of ______, then special driver training and/or license-sure may be required. 5.6116 3.6415 Td Methyl Bromide (and other fumigants; the gas can get trapped near the skin and cause burns). 0 EMC 10.5696 TL recommends specific precautions to take and equipment to wear to reduce exposure ex: do not breath vapors, avoid contact with skin or clothing, a note to physicians describing appropriate medical procedures and antidotes for poisoning emergencies, the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (Administered by the EPA); provides overall framework for pesticide program; approved labels have force of law; gives EPA authority to stop the sale of any pesticide, issue seize orders; state restrictions cannot be more liberal than FIFRA, general use pesticides are safer both for humans and the environment. Commercial, public pesticide applicators short course, https://extension.psu.edu/pesticide-applicator-short-course, https://extension.psu.edu/certification-exam-study-materials. W what type of respirator must you wear when applying solid pesticide from Toxicity Class II, III, IV? sharp knife or scissors (do not tear open). W ex: movement of pesticides into streams or groundwater following a broadcast application to a field; runoff risk is greatest when heavy rains immediately follow application, the boundary between the saturated zone and the overlying unsaturated rock and soil, pesticide movement to the groundwater from the soil; pesticide must move down through the soil in water and resist binding to soil particles and breaking down into non-toxic compounds. If the slider has a speed of 24 in./sec relative to the slot as it crosses the center, calculate the horizontal side thrust P exerted by the slotted arm on the slider at this instant. /ZaDb 10.9758 Tf lethal concentration 50%; the concentration of a substance in air or water required to kill 50% of the test population, Pesticides classified as highly toxic (hazard class 1) with acute oral LD50 values from a trace to 50mg/kg must have the signal words _______, DANGER and POISON and have skull and cross bones and PELIGRO (spanish Danger). A finely-ground, dry pesticide formulation that will dissolve in water to make a true solution, A finely-ground, dry pesticide formulation that is combined with an inert, dry carrier and is suspended in water, Finely-ground particles that is combined with an active ingredient and suspended in a liquid carrier, Water-soluble pesticides dispersed in oil carriers, A granular form of pesticides that is dustless and breaks apart in liquid, Finely-ground formulation composed of a low percentage of active ingredient and inert substance, An active ingredient mixes with an edible substance or some other attractant. what is always immediately under the heading on a label "Directions for Use"? what should you consider doing when creating an emergency response plan? what are container rinsing procedures for triple rinsing? how should you describe a relatively low toxicity pesticide product? A substance is dissolved in liquid and then the components cannot be mechanically separated. When doing a job with your arms raised, how should your gloves be secured? 1 1 18.799 12.618 re A technician is selecting a PC that will be used by a user as a thin client. when can the rinsate not be added to a pesticide mixture? emulsifiable concentrates are safer than powders, granules are the safest and least likely to harm bees (micro-encapsulated pesticides pose greatest risk), apply chemicals in evening or during early morning hours. EMC 0.749023 g when should a blood test for baseline cholinesterase be done? Describe what to do with rinsates after cleanup. 10.5696 TL The signal words are either Danger-Poison for highly toxic compounds, Danger- for possible severe eye damage and skin irritation; Warning for moderately toxic, or Caution for slightly toxic. NIOSH approved with organic vapor cartridge or canister with N. R. P, or 100 series pre-filter. what type of respirator must you wear when applying liquid pesticide from Toxicity Class I? Describe personal cleanup after pesticide handling. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream q W Under FIFRA- must be applied by competent person acting under the instructions and control of a certified applicator who is available if and when needed even if not physically present. EPA registration number (registered and approved). Torrey pine genetic research may benefit efforts to save chestnut, ash trees, Ag Progress Days tours cover livestock, forest management, water quality and more, Corn crop challenges include late start, heat, dryness, Pa. budget's historic investments in cleaner water is watershed moment. An active ingredient in solution and packaged in a pressurized container, A non-selective pesticide that is active as a gas; the most hazardous of all fomulations. List the factors to consider when there is a choice between pesticides. atropine sulfate in combination with 2-PAM is the antidote for what? What are powered air purifying respirators? Register online by visiting this site: https://extension.psu.edu/pesticide-applicator-short-course. low organic content (faster water flow with little adsorption) with high permeability (fast flow). The course offers instruction for individuals that are preparing for Pennsylvania pesticide applicator certification exams for the Core, Category 6 (Ornamentals and Shade Trees), Category 7 (Lawn and Turf), Category 10 (Right of Way), and Category 23 (Parks/Schools). what type of respirator must you wear when applying gas pesticide in an enclosed area? 2 3.735 Td When doing a job with your arms lowered, how should your gloves be secured? Core and Category 10 sections will be available in February. endstream endobj startxref Explains some consequences of incorrect use of pesticides. Grange Farm Show program points to broadband urgency. endstream endobj 122 0 obj <>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream it allows empty pesticide containers to be disposed of as non-hazardous waste. What is the best way to open paper or cardboard containers? When removing PPE, what is the first step? Name conditions at the site that affect application decision making. endstream endobj 121 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream EMC risk assessment (people, information, property). 2022 Morning Ag Clips, LLC. The slotted arm rotates about its center in a horizontal plane at the constant angular rate$\dot{\theta}=10$rad/sec and carries a 3.22-lb spring-mounted slider which oscillates freely in the slot. Explain closed system mixing and loading systems and enclosed application. endstream endobj 120 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream endstream endobj 129 0 obj <>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream If you anticipate needing any type of accommodation or have questions about the physical access provided, call the Northampton County Extension office at 610-813-6613. /Tx BMC Q endstream endobj 127 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream BT n Given the following functions x(t) = 2(t), y(t) = 4u(t), z(t) = eu(t), evaluate the following convolution operations. no measurable movement of the pesticide through the material occurs during the period of use. how do you ensure that pesticides are being applied properly? what sort of pesticides easily penetrate the skin? who can be liable for injuries/contamination/damage resulting from a chemical release involving a vehicle? BT What sort of test is utilized to select the right size respirator for a user? lightly mist the material with water or cover it using a plastic cover (discard after use). the owner and operator of the transport vehicle. What sort of pesticides do not penetrate the skin easily? 10 or more acres of land or 1 or more acres of water. Some states maintain a registry of what regarding notice of pesticide application? nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, weakness, confusion, excessive sweating, tearing, chills, thirst, chest pains, breathing difficulties, body aches and muscle cramps. what is the purpose of routine or emergency monitoring cholinesterase monitoring? What are some ways to protect from bee loss? air suppling respirator with NIOSH TC-19C, or self contained breathing apparatus with NIOSH TC-13F, barrier laminate; then butyl rubber/nitrile rubber, the ability of a pesticide to cause short time (acute) or long term (chronic) injury, occurs when pesticides get onto or into the body through the skin, inhalation, swallowing, or eye contact. H4 n /ZaDb 10.9758 Tf National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), What letters are at the beginning of approval numbers for respirators reviewed by NIOSH? oil based liquid formulations, emulsifiable concentrates, injury or illness produced from a single exposure LD 50 and LC 50 are common measures of the degree of this, the ability of small amounts of pesticide from repeated, prolonged exposure to cause injury or illness. EPA rules require capture of 80% of the refrigerant from a small appliance sealed systems with a non-operating compressor if technicians are using. 1 1 18.798 12.945 re water soluble liquids or powders, wettable powders, dusts, and granular pesticides. lists first aid treatments recommended in case of poisoning or accidental exposure. NIOSH approved with any N, R, P, or 100 series prefilter. a label statement advising applicators to consult a county bulletin to determine if they must take any special precautionary measures when using the product. 0.749023 g list of sensitive individuals who must be informed if a pesticide application is going to be made near them, involves applying a pesticide in parallel strips or bands such as between rows of crops rather than uniformly over the entire field, directs herbicides to the lower portions of brush or small trees to control vegetation, uniform application of a pesticide to an entire field or area, placement of small amounts of pesticide into cracks and crevices in buildings such as along baseboards, specifically targets the pests to minimize pesticide contact with non-target plants and animals, directs pesticide to the leafy portions of a plant, releases pesticides onto a device that is wiped onto weeds taller than the crop, or wiped selectively onto individual weeds in an ornamental planting bed, places pesticide directly in or into the soil rather than a growing plant, the use of tillage, rainfall, or irrigation equipment to move the pesticide into the soil, the application of a pesticide under pressure beneath the soil surface, the application of a pesticide to small distinct areas, application of pesticides under the bark of trees, Enclosed cabs are considered a _____ to PPE. (40.00) Tj f If the combustion gases consist of$\mathrm{CO}_{2}, \mathrm{CO},$and$\mathrm{O}_{2},$determine (a) the equilibrium composition of the product gases and (b) the rate of heat transfer from the combustion chamber. /Helv 12 Tf (10) Tj transparent tape or a coating of lacquer or polyurethane. What should never be used on a chemical fire? once the spill has been contained, what must be done to the area where the spill took place? ET WHAT IS THE INSPECTION FREQUENCY FOR THE HYDRAULIC DESIGN INFORMATION SIGN? 0 0 20.798 14.945 re The amount of time after application that people must stay out of a treated area. W 0 0 20.799 14.618 re swept up and placed in steel or fiber drum lined with heavy duty plastic bag. what are the 3 Cs to remember in the event of a chemical spill? ET ET 0 g Study guides are available for purchase online athttps://extension.psu.edu/certification-exam-study-materials or by calling Toll-free: 1-877-345-0691 (State College, PA area call 814-865-6713). W Chemical decomposition using light energy. once the spill has been contained what must be done with the spilled materials? Describe ways to determine if two pesticides may be combined for application. ET What is a major consideration that needs to be taken into account? endstream endobj 128 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream Categories 6 and 7 will be offered in March, and Category 23 will be held in early April. This event will begin on February 8, 2021. endstream endobj 125 0 obj <>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream q Allow states to use a pesticide for an unregistered use for a limited time if EPA determines that emergency conditions exist. what should you pay attention to in order to avoid spray drift? Registration does not include the certification study manuals and materials. endstream endobj 117 0 obj <>/Metadata 4 0 R/Pages 114 0 R/StructTreeRoot 13 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 118 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 119 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream what is the minimum federal standard for direct supervision of uncertified individuals? Penn State Extension will offer a virtual Commercial and Public Pesticide Applicators Short Course beginning February 8, 2021. allow states to expand or limit the uses of certain registered pesticides within their jurisdictions; manufacturers must provide supplemental labeling for each SLN registration (Section 24c registration). construct dike/dam, spread absorbent materials (fine sand, vermiculite, clay, pet litter). lethal dose 50%; the dose of a toxicant required to kill 50% of the population of test animals under a standard set of conditions. what can be done to decontaminate soils contaminated by minor spill? what are the most common form of pesticide injury or poisoning? Based upon toxicity. If you cannot register online, please call for assistance at 1-877-345-0691 Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m. 4:00 p.m. hbc`~)D8@$3ep3! BT designate emergency coordinator, maintain a list of emergency response agencies, outline info to be exchanged with emergency response agencies, prepare map of your facility, keep product inventory, keep emergency equipment inventory, maintain updated list of suppliers who can provide equipment and materials. What is the procedure for washing contaminated PPE? high organic content (higher water retention and greater adsorption of pesticides) low permeability (slow flow). 0 g sprayer (hydraulic sprayer- liquid-usually- from backpack to spray booms with multiple nozzles on tractors, etc), process of measuring and adjusting the amount of pesticide your equipment applies or delivers to a specific area. If the label on a pesticide requires goggles for eye protection, what must the handler have immediate access to?

what is the most common type of pesticide application equipment? evacuate the premises, notify fire department, provide MSDS, keep people away, evacuate all people/animals if necessary, contain small fires with fog/foam/dry powder, if only water is available use it as fine spray or fog, check that water and spilled chemicals are contained, consider drawing out and allowing fire to burn out, clean and dispose of equipment and clothing. to prevent damage to pesticide labels, what can you use to protect them? Under the Endangered Species Protection Program, what must be on pesticide products that might adversely affect an endangered species? The cost for the Core session is $50 and each Category session is$25. what is the only way to decontaminate soil saturated with a pesticide? what sort of organic content and permeability does coarse texture (sand) have? 1 1 30.773 14.374 re Increases with Low humidity and High temperatures. 5.7568 3.5938 Td endstream endobj 124 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream what should you avoid using in a liquid spill if the pesticide is a strong oxidizer? What sort of organic content and permeability does smooth soil (clay, silt) have? }$Find the armature resistance. (4) Tj which nozzles offer best control with drift? q absorb harmful vapors or gases, usually have external dust/mist filer. n when is the best time to apply pesticides? (4) Tj Make sure that all utensils are labeled for pesticide use. The LABEL is the LAW, the various crops, animals, or sites which you may legally use the pesticide, occurs when 2 or more pesticides are not equally effecting in controlling pests at the time of application, occurs when 2 or more pesticides need to be handled by different application methods, even though the timing is the same (ex: incorporated into soil vs. remain on soil surface), failure of the products to stay uniformly mixed in the spray tank (may result in putty, paste, separation into layers,or cottage cheese looking mixture), occurs when mixing certain pesticides in the spray tank alters the activity in one or more of them, 1. fill tank 1/5 to 1/2 full with carrier (water or liquid fertilizer). Q allows minimum risk pesticides to be used without EPA label approval or review; each active ingredient myst be on a list of minimal risk active ingredients; cannot claim to control any microorganisms that post a threat to human health. device that allows users to take pictures and store the photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film. when wearing an apron, how long should it be? worker is exposed to an atmosphere containing an odorant/irritant/taste agent and then asked to breath normally, deeply, move head from side to side/up and down, grimace, bend at waist and talk, all while reporting any noticeable odor or taste agent that leaks into the mask, particle counting instrument used to measure respirator fit by comparing the dust concentration in the surrounding air with the dust concentration inside the respirator (ratio called fit factor), completed each time a respirator is put on to be sure air cannot leak; includes positive pressure check (breathing out) and negative pressure check (breathing in). }$ Find the maximum developed power that this motor can produce when operated from a 12-V source. BT /Helv 12 Tf To flow or spread through openings in the soil. W endstream endobj 123 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream what three materials are generally not chemically resistant even to dry formulations? Q collect it and reuse it if possible, or dispose as excess pesticide. the quantity of a pesticide substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent, usually water, process whereby pesticide binds to soil particles; oil based pesticides are more attracted to clay particles and organic matter in soil than water based pesticides, ability of a pesticide to remain present and active in its original form for an extended period before breaking down, process whereby pesticide is broken down into simpler often less toxic chemicals (chemical degradation (hydrolysis), microbial action, photo-degradation), tendency of a pesticide to turn into gas or vapor; chance increases as temperatures and wind increase; more likely under low relative humidity, pesticide movement away from the application site by wind or air currents, off target movement of a pesticide during a liquid application.